The text of this lesson, as simple as it looks, includes a wide range of basic and widely used elements. This and the following three lessons analyze them in detail and provide a rich array of examples.

In this lesson you'll read the text and study the vocabulary.

In the next two lessons we'll dwell on personal endings. The text of this lesson use them extensively. You have already encountered them: now it is time to learn them thoroughly because they are part of the most basic ways of speaking..